Aspire Blog

Exploring the Science Behind IVF: How It Works

Posted on March 25th, 2024

Do you want to grow your family but can’t conceive? If so, you may wonder if in vitro fertilization (IVF) is the logical next step. While IVF is widely used to help those experiencing infertility, LGBTQ+ couples, and single people have children, how do you know if it’s the right solution for you? And how does it actually work?

Before you schedule an appointment with a reproductive specialist, let’s break down what you need to know about IVF and the science behind this incredible procedure.

How IVF Works

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) literally means “fertilization in glass” and refers to a series of procedures that involve collecting egg and sperm samples, combining them in a laboratory, and then inserting the fertilized embryos into the uterus. The intended parents’ egg and sperm samples can be used in the procedure, as well as donor eggs and/or sperm. In total, a complete IVF cycle takes about two weeks.

If this sounds complicated, don’t worry! We’ve broken it down into five simple steps:

  1. Medication: Hormones get injected to stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple eggs.
  2. Collection: The eggs are retrieved via a minor surgical procedure, and the sperm sample is collected.
  3. Fertilization: The embryology team combines the egg and sperm in a lab.
  4. Observation: Clinic staff monitor the embryos as they divide.
  5. Transfer: A small catheter is placed into the uterine cavity, and the embryos are inserted into the uterus.

Ten days following the transfer, the clinician tests for pregnancy.

When Is IVF Recommended?

IVF may be a suitable option if you fall into any of these categories:

1. You’re Navigating Infertility

Uterine conditions, like endometriosis, can cause infertility. Additionally, low sperm count, abnormal sperm function, and internal blockages can prevent sperm from successfully fertilizing an egg. There’s also unexplained infertility, meaning, despite extensive testing, there’s no cause as to why you can’t conceive.

2. You’re LGBTQ+

IVF is a great option for same-sex couples and those within the LGBTQ+ community looking to grow their families. A physician will interview you and your partner to discuss medical history, diagnostic testing, potential treatment, and financial options.

3. You’re Single

If you’re single and looking to have a child, IVF can help you. A reproductive specialist will review your options and help you navigate the process of finding a donor.

Grow Your Family with IVF

Since the first successful live birth from IVF in 1978, over 5 million children have been conceived via IVF globally. If you’re interested in learning more about the IVF process, Aspire Fertility is here for you. Contact us today for more information, and our expert team will happily answer all your questions and schedule an appointment.

Tags: IVF

Building Beautiful Families

We’re inspiring hope and building beautiful families. Contact Aspire Fertility today!

Request A Consult

The site uses cookies, pixels and other similar technologies, as further described in our privacy statement. By using our site, you agree to our use of cookies.
Hang tight. We’re taking you to
If you prefer not to wait, click here